Tuesday the 13th – its history

Tereza Ruzickova 2 min 0 Comments
Instituto Hispánico de Murcia - Tuesday the 13th – its history

Today we tell you why this ancient superstition exists.

Triskaidekaphobia (from the Greek τρεισκαιδέκα, treiskaideka, “thirteen,” derived from τρεῖς, treîs, “three”; καὶ, kai, “and”; δέκα, deka, “ten”; along with φοβία, fobía, from φόβος, fobos, “fear”) is the irrational fear of the number 13. It is usually considered a superstition.

The specific phobia of Friday the 13th is called paraskevidekatriaphobia (Parasceve is the preparation for Easter), collafobia, or friggatriskaidekaphobia (the word Friday comes from the name of the Viking goddess Frigga). The fear of Tuesday the 13th is called triskaidekamartiofobia. Quite a mouthful, huh!

So here’s the story: Since Latin mythology, Tuesday has been considered an ominous day as it is dedicated to the god of war, Mars. Therefore, this day of the week is associated with the red planet and the idea of destruction, blood, and violence.

The ancient Egyptians also considered Tuesday an unlucky day because it was the birth of Typhon, one of the giants who, according to their mythology, dared to climb the sky.

As for the number, it is believed that the fear of 13 has its origin in the Hammurabi Code, a set of rules imposed by the then king of Babylon in 1760 B.C. In this code, the rules are numbered successively, but rule number 13 is skipped. Surely, this had nothing to do with superstitions but rather with a translation error.

Another reason why 13 is often considered unlucky is that it follows 12, which is considered a perfect number: the year has twelve months, and the day is divided into two parts of 12 hours each; there were 12 apostles who followed Jesus Christ, and we eat 12 grapes every New Year’s Eve when the clock strikes 12 midnight.

This myth has no scientific basis, but it is true that throughout history, this date has been associated with catastrophic events.

It is said that the confusion of languages and the destruction of the Tower of Babel occurred on a Tuesday and the 13th. It has such an influence that some people do not travel on this day or avoid choosing that row number on the plane.

However, for others, it’s the opposite, and they consider it a lucky day. So much so that even during this day, many gamble in games of chance.

Source: vix and wikipedia

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WRITTEN BY Tereza Ruzickova

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